Agricultural marketing the objective of the Business Development project. FAO, African Development Bank and Government of South Sudan sign protocol for $ 14 million grant to promote agricultural markets The objective of the Agricultural Market and value Added and Business Development project is to increase agricultural productivity and promote the marketing and trade of agricultural products.
African Development Bank on the protocol for the grant of $ 14 million to the Government of South Sudan to promote agricultural markets in the project being will implement on Wednesday. Signed Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The Agricultural Market, Price Promotion and Business Development (AMVAT) project aims to increase agricultural productivity and promote the marketing and trade of agricultural products in South Sudan. The project will be executed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in close collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security.
The five-year project will help increase the productivity and income of some 20,000 farm families in Central and Eastern Equatoria and Jonglei states, most of whom are formerly internally displaced people who have now returned home. The project will create aggregation business opportunities for farmers and traders, including women and youth, and provide them with the new agricultural processing skills and tools they need to produce competitive products.
The twenty aggregation business centers will serve as a ‘one-stop shop’ for aggregations, where farmers can access extension services and connect to markets for their value-added products. Farmer groups joining the Aggregation Centers will not only see their products tested and certified for quality, but will also do business with the private sector on their behalf.
growth of the economy
South Sudan’s Finance and Planning Minister Etienne Ding Etheian thanked the African Development Bank for its increasing assistance, saying that ‘a diversified economy away from oil and long-term growth depends on promoting the growth of the economy.’ With the support of our partners, we are creating a better business and marketing environment for agribusiness, increasing people’s incomes and creating new jobs, especially for young people.
Bank of South Sudan country manager Benedict Kanu stated that “an important factor in reporting on Africa and indeed South Sudan’s low level of agricultural value added is an inefficient marketing structure.” And farmers and processors the full value of their product – avoid realizing it, even in its raw form.
markets and other services
South Sudan has considerable unrealistic agricultural potential, but the effects of continued violence with unprecedented floods have severely damaged food production, resulting in a large food import bill. Thanks to this generous contribution from the African Development Bank, farmers will move rapidly from subsistence to commercial farming through new technologies.
And markets and other services and contact with stakeholders, said Meshek Malo, FAO Representative in South Sudan. Despite the country’s agricultural potential and 78 percent of its population employed in agriculture. The region accounts for only one-tenth of South Sudan’s GDP. Agriculture and food products struggle to find their way into international markets, in part due to a lack of adequate food quality control.
The bank and FAO are partnering with government agencies to strengthen the safety and quality of local agricultural products. To this end, two mini testing laboratories will be established in Central and Eastern Equatoria so that farmers can test and certify their value-added products, especially grains, oilseeds and corn before being sold in various markets.
Genetic studies identify three variants of the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus. In an analysis of the phylogenetic network of the first 160 complete SARS-CoV-2 genomes that were classified from human patients, an international team of scientists found three different variants of SARS-CoV-2: A, B, and C.
Europeans and Americans
Types A and C are found outside East Asia in significant proportions, that is, between Europeans and Americans; In contrast, type B is the most common type in East Asia, and its ancestral genome does not appear to extend to derived B types without extending outside of East Asia. Which has a founder effect or immunological or environmental resistance against this guy outside of Asia.
points… Color scanning electron micrograph of an apoptotic cell (green-brown) isolated from a patient sample infected with SARS-COV-2 virus particles (pink). A geneticist at Cambridge University, Drs. Peter Forster said: Sars-Cov-2 family trees have very fast mutations to be carefully felt. We use a mathematical network algorithm to visualize all the appreciable trees simultaneously.
These techniques are primarily known for mapping the movements of prehistoric human populations through DNA. We believe this is the first time that they have been used to detect coronavirus infection pathways such as SARS-CoV-2. Dr. Forster and colleagues used data from the SARS-CoV-2 virus genome sampled from around the world between December 24, 2019 and March 4, 2020. They revealed three different types of viruses, including closely related lineage groups.
They found that the closest type of SARS-VOC-2 discovered in bats, A, the genome of the original human virus, was present in Wuhan, but surprisingly it was not the city’s dominant type of virus. Mutated versions of A were seen in Americans living in Wuhan, and a large number of type A viruses were found in patients in the US. USA And Australia.
Wuhan’s dominant type of virus, B, prevailed in patients in East Asia. However, the variant has not extended far beyond the region, and affects a founding event in Wuhan, or resistance against the type outside East Asia. Variant C is the predominant European variant, found in early patients in France, Italy, Sweden, and England. This is absent from the Chinese mainland sample in the study, but has been observed in Singapore, Hong Kong, and South Korea.
The new analysis also shows that one of the first infections of the virus in Italy occurred through the first documented German infection on January 27, and that another early Italian infection route belonged to the Singapore group. Crucially, the team’s genetic networking techniques precisely established established infection pathways: mutations and viral lineages connect points between known cases.
Yunnan province, China
As such, scientists argue that these plant genetic methods can be applied to the latest sequencing of the coronavirus genome to help predict future hot spots and global growth. Phylogenetic networks of 160 SARS-CoV-2 genomes. Node A is a group of roots that is distinguished from the BAT (Rhinophos ephysin) BATICO VRTG13 coronavirus of Yunnan province, China.
The regions of the circle are proportional to the number of species and each notch in the link represents a mutated nucleotide position. Analysis of the phylogenetic network has the potential to help identify unspecified sources of COVID-19 infection. Which can then be quarantined to prevent further spread of the disease worldwide, said Dr. Forster
The most closely related variant of the virus found in both bats and pangolins, has been described by researchers as the root of the outbreak. B is derived from A, which is separated by two mutations, then C is the daughter of B. The location of variant B in East Asia may be the result of a founder effect: a genetic bottleneck that occurs when, in the case of viruses, a new type is established from a small isolated group of infections.
East Asian population
The authors said. He argues that there is another explanation worth considering. Dr. Forster said that the Wuhan type B virus can be immune or ecological to a large segment of the East Asian population. It may have to be silenced to eliminate resistance outside East Asia. We are seeing slower mutation rates in East Asia than elsewhere at this early stage.
The viral network we have is a snapshot of the early stages of the epidemic, before large numbers of mutations obscure COVID-19’s evolutionary pathways. This is like catching a major supernova on the spot. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Phylogenetic network of 160 SARS-CoV-2 genomes. Node A is a group of roots obtained with bat (Rhinophos afficin), which isolates Batico VRTG13 from Yunnan province from the coronavirus, China. The regions of the circle are proportional to the number of species, and each notch in the link represents a mutated nucleotide position.
Analysis of the phylogenetic network has the potential to help identify unspecified sources of COVID-19 infection. Which can then be quarantined to prevent further spread of the disease worldwide, said Dr. Forster.
immunological or ecological
The most closely related variant of the virus found in both bats and pangolins, has been described by researchers as the root of the outbreak. B is taken from A, which is separated by two mutations, then C is the daughter of B. “The location of the eastern part of B Asia may be the result of a founding effect: a genetic bottleneck that occurs when the virus in one case.
It is established from a small isolated group of new types of infection, the authors said. He argues that there is another explanation worth considering. Dr. Wuhan type B virus can be immunological or ecological for a large segment of the East Asian population, said Roster. It may have to be silenced to eliminate resistance outside East Asia. We are seeing slower mutation rates in East Asia than elsewhere at this early stage.
The viral network we have is a detailed snapshot of the early stages of the pandemic and before large numbers of mutations obscure COVID-19’s evolutionary pathways. It’s like catching a big supernova on the spot. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.